Good practices in sludge management

Efficient municipal waste water treatment produces vast amounts of sludge. For example, in the countries located wholly or partly on the Baltic Sea watershed the amount of sewage sludge generated is about 3.5 million tonnes of dry solids annually – this is expected to increase to almost four million tonnes by 2020. Sludge management is an integral part of any modern municipal waste water treatment plant: it is important not to lose the nutrients in the sludge, to make use of its material and energy, and to dispose of it efficiently and sustainably.

Publication date:
August, 2013
Policy areas:
Integrated Urban Water Management, Waste water